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What is IEEE? In Text Citation, Research Format and Paper Publishing Standards

What is IEEE? Citation, In Text Citation, Research Format and Paper Publishing Standards


The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is one of the world’s leading electrical, electronics, and computing technical associations. For any researcher or engineer, understanding IEEE style guidelines is key for citing sources effectively and preparing and publishing papers in IEEE journals and conferences. Let’s explore IEEE in more detail.

IEEE, or the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, is a globally recognized organization that is crucial in setting standards for various engineering, technology, and computer science fields. This article will explore IEEE’s significance in academic writing, focusing on citation, in-text citation, formatting, and paper publishing standards.

What is IEEE?

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a global professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for humanity’s benefit through standardized developments in electrical, electronics, and computing areas. With over 400,000 members across 160 countries, IEEE publishes scientific journals, conferences, and technical standards.

IEEE Focus Areas

Some key focus areas of IEEE include power, energy, biomedical engineering, telecommunications, robotics, computing, vehicular technology, information theory, control systems, etc. IEEE has a strong emphasis on encouraging research and fostering technology innovation.

IEEE Resources

IEEE provides various information resources for members, including scientific journals, conference proceedings, e-books, standards, and educational courses. IEEE Xplore is the digital library providing access to IEEE publications, standards, e-books, conference papers, and academic courses.

Now, let’s examine the critical style guidelines specified by IEEE for effective scholarly communication.

What is IEEE? Citation, In Text Citation, Format and Paper Publishing Standards
What is IEEE? Citation, In Text Citation, Format and Paper Publishing Standards

IEEE Style Guidelines

IEEE has prescribed editorial styles and standards authors must adhere to during paper writing for:

In-Text Citation

Cite sources using bracketed numbering sequentially throughout the text, correlated to the reference list numbering.

Reference List Citation

Number reference sources sequentially as they appear in the text. Follow the IEEE-prescribed formats for each source type.

Reference Models

Use references to provide adequate context, avoiding excessive citations. Cite recent developments.

Tables and Figures

Number tables and figures sequentially. Place close to the first citation text. Set fonts and sizes thoughtfully.

Mathematical Equations

Number equations sequentially. Define all symbols used. Align equations left with equation numbers in parentheses flush right.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Write terms in full initially, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses before using the short form.

Language Considerations

Adopt an academic style. Avoid biased terminology. Define jargon and localized terms. Prefer U.S. English spelling.

IEEE has detailed citation formats for different source types:

IEEE Paper Publishing Standards

Structure of an IEEE Paper

Get insights into an IEEE paper’s typical structure, which includes sections like the abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.


Understand the role of the abstract and how to create a concise summary of your research.


Discover how to craft a compelling introduction that sets the stage for your research.


Learn about the methodology section, detailing your research methods and experiments.


Explore how to effectively present your research results, including figures and tables.


Understand the importance of the discussion section, where you analyze and interpret your findings.


Learn how to summarize your paper with a firm conclusion summarizing your research’s key points.

IEEE Citation Format

Journal Articles

Author 1 et al., “Title,” Journal Name, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 5-15, May 2010.

Conference Proceedings

J.K. Author, “Title,” presented at Conf. Name, Location, Dates, year.


J. K. Author, Book Title, Location: Publishing Company, year, pp.


J. K. Author, “Title,” Company, City, State, Rep. XXX, year.


Title of Standard, Standard number, date.

Theses and Dissertations

J. K. Author, “Title,” M.S. thesis, Department, University, City, State, year.


J.K Author, “Title,” Company, [Online]. Available: URL. [Accessed on: Date].


Author(s) if given, “Title,” Company. [Online]. Available: URL [Accessed on: date].

IEEE specifies manuscript formatting and styling protocols for paper publication.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

File Formats

Submit editable text and graphics files. Figures as JPEG/PNG. Include all files in one zip folder.

Length Limits

4-5 pages for letters. Base papers can be 6-10 pages. Up to 30 pages for surveys. Follow specific journal or conference guidelines.

Fonts and Line Spacing

Use 10-12 point Times New Roman font. Number all lines with single-line spacing. Avoid footnotes.


Use 1 inch (2.5 cm) top, bottom, left, and right page margins for all content.

Page Numbering

Number all pages sequentially in the footer using Arabic numerals centered or flush right.


Number all headings sequentially using Arabic numerals. Follow a consistent hierarchy for headings and subheadings.


Include 6-10 keywords that precisely identify principal topics after the abstract.


Keep the abstract concise at 150-200 words, summarizing the paper’s context, key points, and conclusions.


Place detailed tables, data, figures, etc., into appendices labeled sequentially as A, B, C, etc., referenced in the main text.

Author Bios

Include the author’s name, degrees earned, department, and affiliation. It can include research interests, awards, etc., within word limits.


Optionally acknowledge individuals or organizations who provided meaningful guidance or funding.

For publishing in IEEE journals, the following steps are involved:

IEEE Paper Submission Process

Paper Draft Preparation

Conduct research and prepare paper draft following IEEE guidelines and specific journal/conference requirements.

Conference Submission

Submit a draft paper with graphics, appropriate filenames, and metadata to the conference website by stipulated deadlines for review.

Peer Review Process

IEEE coordinates a double-blind peer review by expert referees focusing on technical rigor, quality, and plagiarism checks.

Revision Requests

The author (s) must suitably address review feedback, refine the draft, and resubmit an updated version by the specified deadline.

Final Submission

After reviews are satisfactorily addressed, the final fully compliant manuscript files are submitted to the IEEE for processing and publication.


The paper is copyedited, galley proofs created, and published in the journal/conference proceedings in print and online IEEE Xplore.

Publishing with IEEE journals offers multiple advantages:

Advantages of Publishing in IEEE Journals

  • High credibility and global readership provided by IEEE’s reputation.
  • Rigorous double-blind peer review improves manuscript quality.
  • Rapid online and print publication for timely dissemination.
  • Indexed across major academic databases for discoverability.
  • Promotes rapid citation and potential for higher impact metrics.
  • Retain copyrights while granting usage rights to IEEE.


IEEE standards for citation, in-text citation, formatting, and paper publishing are crucial in maintaining consistency and integrity in academic writing. Embracing these standards ensures that your research meets the highest quality and credibility standards.


The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) publishes leading journals, conferences, standards, and resources in electrical and computing domains, offering engineers and researchers opportunities for disseminating their work. Adhering to IEEE style guidelines enhances quality and acceptance prospects during paper submissions to IEEE publications. Understanding IEEE processes also enables maximizing reach and potential citations.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Why is citation necessary in academic writing?
    • Citation is essential to acknowledge sources, give credit to authors, and maintain the integrity of your research.
  2. What is the IEEE citation style?
    • IEEE citation style uses a numeric format, assigning a number to each source cited in the text, corresponding to a full citation in the references section.
  3. How do I perform in-text citations in IEEE?
    • In IEEE, use square brackets to enclose the citation number within the text, such as [1].
  4. How do I cite multiple authors in IEEE?
    • For two authors, use “and” between their names; for three or more authors, use “et al.” after the first author’s name.
  5. What is the structure of an IEEE paper?
    • An IEEE paper typically includes sections like abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.
  6. Why is the abstract important in an IEEE paper?
    • The abstract provides a concise research summary, helping readers quickly understand the paper’s key findings.
  7. How can I overcome challenges in using IEEE citation and formatting?
    • Familiarize yourself with IEEE guidelines, use citation management tools, and proofread your paper carefully to address formatting issues.
  8. What are the benefits of using IEEE citation and formatting?
    • Benefits include a standardized citation, improved readability, and enhanced credibility of your research work.
  9. Where can I find detailed IEEE citation guidelines?
    • You can refer to the official IEEE Citation Reference Guide for comprehensive guidelines and examples.
  10. Are there any tools to assist with IEEE citation and formatting?
    • Several citation management tools, such as Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote, can help you with IEEE citation and formatting.


  1. What is IEEE known for?

IEEE is a leading global organization that advances electrical, electronics, and computing science through publications, conferences, standards, and educational resources.

  1. What are some key focus areas of IEEE?

Major IEEE focus areas include electrical power, energy, control systems, robotics, biomedical engineering, telecommunications, vehicular technology, information theory, etc.

  1. What resources does IEEE provide?

IEEE provides scientific journals, conference proceedings, e-books, standards documents, educational courses, etc., accessible through the IEEE Xplore digital library.

  1. What are some key elements of IEEE style guidelines?

These include standards for in-text citations, reference list formatting, figures, equations, abbreviations, language use, etc., during paper manuscript preparation.

  1. How are sources cited in the IEEE paper?

In-text bracketed numeric citations correlate to the numbered reference list ordered sequentially as cited in the text following IEEE formats.

  1. What is the IEEE paper submission process?

It involves draft preparation, conference submission, double-blind peer review, addressing review feedback, final manuscript submission, and IEEE publication.

  1. What are some tips for submitting to IEEE journals?

Tips include choosing the right publication fit, preparing technically rigorous manuscripts following guidelines, meeting deadlines, responding well to reviews, etc.

  1. What are the advantages of publishing in IEEE journals?

Advantages are wide readership through IEEE reputation, indexing across databases for discoverability, the potential for more citations, and retained copyrights.

  1. How does IEEE coordinate peer review?

To improve manuscripts, IEEE organizes double-blind reviews by expert referees focusing on technical quality, plagiarism checks, soundness, etc..

  1. Does IEEE charge for paper publication?

Yes, IEEE charges article processing fees for accepted papers to cover editorial costs. However, discounted rates are provided for IEEE members.

Engr. Muhammad Ali Raza

Hello, I'm Engr. Ali Raza, an Electrical Engineering Professional with a passion for innovation and a commitment to excellence. I completed my electrical engineering degree in 2017 and have since been actively engaged in the field, where I've had the opportunity to apply my knowledge and skills to real-world projects. Over the years, I've gained valuable experience in Engineering field, allowing me to contribute effectively to the development and implementation of electrical systems and solutions. I thrive in dynamic and challenging environments, constantly seeking opportunities to expand my expertise and make a meaningful impact in the world of Electrical Engineering.

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